The most common birth dates of the Nobel laureates are 28th February and 21st May. Today is 28th February. Let us look at some facts and statistics
- Philip Showalter Hench
Born: 28 February 1896, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Died: 30 March 1965, Ocho Rios, Jamaica
Awarded Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950 “for his discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects”
- Linus Carl Pauling
Born: 28 February 1901, Portland, OR, USA
Died: 19 August 1994, Big Sur, CA, USA
(A) Awarded Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1954 “for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances”
(B) Awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1962 in the field of “arms control and disarmament”
- Peter Brian Medawar
Born: 28 February 1915, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: 2 October 1987, London, United Kingdom
Awarded Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1960 “for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance”
- Leon Neil Cooper
Born: 28 February 1930, New York, NY, USA
Awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1972 “for developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory”
- Daniel C. Tsui
Born: 28 February 1939, Henan, China
Awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1998 “for his discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations”
- Steven Chu
Born: 28 February 1948, St. Louis, MO, USA
Awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1997 “for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light”
- Paul Krugman
Born: 28 February 1953, New York, NY, USA
Awarded The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 2008 for “Integrated the previously disparate research fields into a new, international trade and economic geography.”
One important thing to be noted is about Linus Pauling.
- He is only person to be awarded Nobel Prize in both Scientific and non Scientific field (Chemistry and Peace Prize)
- He is the only person to be awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes (Chemistry and Peace Prize).
- He is one of only two people to be awarded Nobel Prizes in different fields, other being Marie Curie (Physics and Chemistry).
- He is one of only four individuals to have won more than one Nobel Prize (the others being Marie Curie (Physics and Chemistry), John Bardeeen (Physics and Physics), and Frederick Sanger (Chemistry and Chemistry).
This ranks Linus Pauling among the most important scientists of the 20th century.