Hindu Shastr describes three aspects of Karm, to obtain favour, or for mitigation of our pain, namely Upvas (Fasting), Daan, Jap. Fasting is one form of Puja being done in devotion to God. Fasting is performed on Prathama, Ekadashi, Poornima and other relevant Hindu festivals. Many “progressive” despise fasting, or any religious act for that matter. Fasting is a type of Tapasya offered to get blessing from God. Sacrifice of something is involved in Tapasya and that is why God loves Tapasya. In fasting, a meal is sacrificed and hence it is type of Tapasya. Gautam Buddh sacrificed, in stages, food, fruits, leaves, water and finaly survived only on air on his pathway to Nirvan.
A form of Tapasya named fasting has ‘recognition’ from science in 2016 when researcher Prof. Yoshinori Ohsumi awarded Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2016 “for the discoveries of mechanism for autophagy“. Autophagy is a mechanism prevailing at cellular level in which harmful matter inside body are processed and converted in to useful matter (refer link here). I hope you fasted on Mahashivratri. This fasting ritual has scientific significance; Tapasya offered through fasting is returned with blessing in the form of recycling of unwanted body chemicals in to useful proteins. The three aspects are:
- Religious: Fasting is religious act performed to obtain favour from God.
- Spiritual: Atma is purified through Tapasya by connecting with God.
- Scientific: Cells and body purified through mechanism named autophagy.
Unlike other religions, where fasting occasion occurs once in a year, in Hinduism it commences every month e.g. Prathama, Ekadashi, Poornima etc. It is more relevant because intermittent fasting also activates autophagy.
ઝબકારો: Fasting is religious act which signifies spirituality that Atma purified through Tapasya by connecting with God. This act of fasting has scientific significance that cells, and body, purified through mechanism named autophagy. Hinduism by every inch is scientific. Celebrate science via celebrating Hindu festivals and rituals!
I had question why Poornima is important in Hinduism. According to Jyotish, Sun signifies Atma and Moon signifies Mann (weak Sun/Atma indicate lowest level of moral standard e.g. my wife has weakest Sun that’s why she choose pathway of #FakeCases). On Poornima Sun and Moon facing each other and Moon receives maximum light/energy from Sun. Interpreting, transfer of spiritual power from Atma to Mann is at peak on Poornima, making it auspicious for spirituality attainment. It also indicate Atma is the source of spirituality and that’s why, according to Krushn in Geeta, Atma is above Mann (refer my this post explaining a shlok from Bhagvad Geeta).
Many Hindu customs have explanation in Jyotish. That is why it is Vedang.
Few months ago I visited Mahakaleshvar temple in Ujjain. To me, it uncovered hidden secret about Shiv. Shivling, temple construction, and Dhvaja (flag) are typical part of Shiv temple. Plenty of literature available on temple construction which can be referred. Here, I am talking about Shivling and Dhvaja. There were questions in my mind such as why its name is Mahakal, why it is Dakshinabhimukh (southward opening) instead of Poorvabhimukh (Eastward opening), why Ujjain considered as center of India. To that, I had some astronomical informations such as tropic of Cancer-an extreme north point of Sun’s trajectory (considering geocentric motion), which divides India in two halves horizontally, passes through Ujjain.
Mahakaleshvar is the only Dakshinabhimukh Jyotirling among twelve. It means throughout year rays will enter Garbhgruh and Shivling will have constant eye over Sun’s entire trajectory (winter solstice to summer solstice) as Ujjain is on tropic of Cancer. According to Jyotish Shiv is Aadhipati of Sun and through this arrangement Shiv is continuously watching Sun from its southern extreme to northern extreme trajectory.
Understanding about Shiv would not have learned if I had not visited Jantar Mantar. I saw sundial to measure time. Those who are not familiar with it, construction wise it is simple pole on circular platform. Spatial position of Sun and time of day can be measured from length of shadow of pole and trajectory of shadow of tip of pole in day time. This was for estimation while precise instrument to calculate time was available besides it. Even many Britishers reported that in nineteenth century India time was measured from length of human shadow 
Pole and Flag
Money comes through only three means; agriculture, mining, petroleum. Everything human produces which is convertible to money is basically either of these three. Ancient India was agriculture country which entirely depends on seasons. Rain, proliferation of insects  etc seasonal phenomena depends on placement of Sun and Moon. Hence, exact spatial positions of Sun and Moon are necessary to precisely predict seasons.
Pole inserted on top of temple is a type of sundial where priest can predict seasons from the situation of shadow of pole. The flag inserted over pole helps in getting information of wind current. Wind coming from Nairuty (SW), will furl flag in Ishan (NE) direction, will bring moist air to begin monsoon while wind coming from Ishan (NE), will furl flag in Nairuty (SW) direction, will be dry air bringing autumnal season. I have already explained the significance of wind current in Vaastushastr in my previous communication .
Where is spirituality in this science?
Moksh is supreme goal of any Aatma and its gateway is through death: ultimate reality of every living creature on earth. Since Shiv rules death, every Aatma must pass through Shiv inbetween journey to Moksh. He only can subvert bad karm. Popularly Kaal is the single word used for bad time, bad karm, sin, and death. As shadow attached with pole signifies time, shadow attached with Shivling signifies Kaal of Aatma. On summer solstice (in current era it is falling on 21 June) disappearing of shadow of pole (or Shivling) resembles Aatma’s Kaal is devoured by Shiv. It means Mahakal Shiv is destroying Kaal at Ujjain. This is why he is ‘Kaalo Ke Kaal Mahakaal’, a supreme Kaal who has authority over all Kaals (karms).
Declared as intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO , it commences on specific combinations of planetary positions which I am yet to understand. The ritual similar to mass bathing of Rishis on river Drisdvati, conducted at every twelve years, is mentioned in Vaayu Puran  but its connection with Kumbh Mela is yet to be established. Astrolabes (Jantar Mantar) were needed to precisely calculate beginning of festivals.
Sun Jupiter Moon Other combination
Haridwar Aries Aquarius(Kumbh)
Prayagraj Capricorn Aries Capricorn J in Taurus S in Capricorn
Nasik(Sinhasth) Leo Leo J, S, M in Cancer
Ujjain(Sinhasth) Aries Leo J, S, M in Libra.
Currently Sun is in Capricorn, Jupiter in Scorpio, and Moon keeps changing zodiacs after 2.25 days. Interestingly, according to Jyotish, Kumbh (from which Mela derived its name) is the Mooltrikon sign of Saturn who signifies Karm (Saturn’s another ruling zodiac is Capricorn and he is exalted in Libra), Sun (ruling over Leo and exalted in Aries) signifies Aatma, Moon (ruling over Cancer and exalted in Taurus) signifies Mann, and Jupiter (ruling over Sagittarius and Pisces and exalted in Cancer) signifies Dharm. It means Atma, Mann, Dharm, and Karm are uniting at Kumbh Mela. This event occurs at the interval of twelve years because Jupiter takes twelves years to transit back in Kumbh. Considering Kalpurush Kundli, in fact this principle is foundation of Nadi Jyotish; Saturn identifies Karm (Karmesh in Kalpurush), Jupiter identifies feasibility/luck (Bhagyesh/Dharmesh in Kalpurush), Sun identifies month of occurrence (Panchmesh and Pitrukarak in Kalpurush) and Moon identifies day of event (Chaturthesh and Matrukarak in Kalpurush).
1. Chidambaram Iyer, “Aryan Miscellany Astronomical Series, The Brihatjatak of Varahmihir, Translation”, Foster Press, Madras, 1885.
2. Sankrant Sanu, “Whose new year? Return to better calendar”, India Facts, 2016.
3. Dharmesh Patadiya, “Dynamics of Machines, Fluid Mechanics and Science Behind Vastu Shastr”, WordPress, 2018.
4. UNESCO representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
5. Subhash Kak, “The Astronomical Code of The Rgveda”, Adity Prakashan, New Delhi, 2016.
ઝબકારો: I heard India is most auspicious land on earth, and it is true because Shiv, supreme Kaal, lives in every molecule of her. Shiv is everywhere (because everything on earth have shadow and Karm) and we can recognize him through satbuddhi given by him and with his wish. Jyotish is linked with Hinduism that is why most of communists hate Jyotish.
Animals have following constitutional and legal rights in India.
According to Constitution of India Article 48
The State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter, of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.
constitutionally, animals are protected from being slaughtered.
According to section 377 of Indian Penal Code(IPC)
Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal, shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Animals are protected from sexual act done by human.
According to section 428 of IPC
Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees.- Whoever commits mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless any animals or animal of the value of the ten rupees or upwards, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
According to section 429 of IPC
Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc., of any value or any animal of the value of fifty rupees.– Whoever commits mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless, any elephant, camel, horse, mule, buffalo, bull, cow or ox, whatever may be the value thereof, of any other animal of the value of fifty rupees or upwards, shall be punished with imprisonment or either description for a term which may extend to five years, or with fine, or with both.
Legally, animals are protected from being sexual exploited, killed.
He is my neighbour Haresh Lodha, daily wage earner from nomadic tribe community. There is special reason why he has presence on my timeline with me.
Since 1998 I have been staying away from my home and I hardly have any contacts with people from my street except hi-hello once in year on new year day. Today he met me and discussed about #FakeCases on me and my family. He is facing same issue as me but his wife is mature than my wife and has not filed any fake cases. He regretted for fake cases, arrest of my parents, slanging by goons hired by my wife. He said he knows my family from childhood and he is sure none of my family member would have done as claimed by my wife in police complains. He said he want to help me and requested to give my wife a chance to reconcile. He wanted to meet my father in law(FIL) to explain him we are very reputed family. He offered his mediation despite I warning him about violent nature of my brother in law (BIL), immoral character of my wife, they may hit you and trap you in fake cases just like did with us. I was amazed by his answer, “If they hit me or trap in fake cases then I will think I faced this for my younger brother and my family”, he said. Not only he, I came to know people from my entire locality are with us. Entire street said to police we are innocent and police himself accepted to me in phone that he has to do it because of complain otherwise my neighbours have told him simple nature of my family. They are saying whatever my wife has done has degraded her parental upbringing because a girl from reputed and cultured family would not behave such cheap.
It provoked thought in my mind. Whatever they are supporting is because of my parents’ reputation. I don’t know whey I will earn similar reputation in which people would support me from their heart from their own wish. To earn such reputation takes entire life and it is not easy. Respect is something which has to be earned, can’t be purchased, and I came to know my parents are highly respected. Society is very smart and can judge situation from observing whose clothes are stained and whose hands are stained.
I could survive and handle situation because I was aware and alert due to my education and knowledge. Situation of ordinary and ignorant people is worst due to #GenderBiasedLaws because they don’t know law, don’t know rules, don’t even understand what is written in complain. A wife would not be knowing anger arising out of ego, resulting in to police complain, will pain many souls and throw her in hundreds of birth of sins. Don’t know when such karm will wash away from such woman’s soul.
“Whoever destroys, damages, or defiles any place of worship, or any object held sacred by any class of persons with the intention of thereby insulting the religion of any class of persons or with the knowledge that any class of persons is likely to consider such destruction, damage or defilement as an insult to their religion, shall be punished, with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine or with both.”
How it happened?
“Criminal law, including all matters included in the Indian Penal Code at the commencement of this constitution but excluding offences against law with respect to any of the matters specified in list I and List II and excluding the use of naval, military or air forces or any other armed forces of the Union in aid of the civil power.”
Vastu Shastr is an ancient Indian technique on how to design and construct residential house after balancing five elements namely Vayu, Jal, Agni, Pruthvi, Aakash. A Vastu expert will divide land in to 81 divisions and based on this will design plan and elevation. Before going in to details of scientific principles involved, let us understand fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics and Dynamics of Machines required to understand natural phenomena of wind currents.
1. Dynamic of Machines
Fig. 1 Motion of particle, absolute frame of reference and relative frame of reference.
As shown in Fig. 1 disc rotates ccw. At time t1 a ball is thrown from point A towards point B, point A being on disc while point B outside disc. The angle between point A and B is pi radians. At time t2, the point A displaces to A’, making angle between A’ and B less than pi radians. Observer seating at point A will observe the ball deflecting towards his right side but in reality the observer at B will observe the ball has traveled on its predefined linear path. This phenomena is knows as Coriolis effect. Technically observer B is absolute frame of reference and observer A is relative frame of reference. You can verify this phenomena using merry-go-round available at Children’s park.
2. Motion of Particle on Earth
Fig. 2 Motion of particle on earth.
As shown in Fig. 2, if earth is steady and a particle is propelled towards north from the equator, it will travel in a straight line as observed from the earth surface. In reality earth itself rotates East to west (ccw if seen from north pole) and hence, as explained in Section 1 above, an observer on earth will observer that particle deflecting rightward. As shown in Fig. 3, this can be further understood after dividing earth in two halves and projecting its surface in to a disc rotating in ccw direction, where north pole will become center of the disc while equator becomes edge of disc.
Fig. 3. Development of surface of northern hemisphere of earth
3. Coriolis Effect and Wind Current
Fig. 4. Counter Clockwise direction of cyclone in northern hemisphere.
After getting heat from Sun the hot and lighter air near equator will rise above earth’s surface. Parallely cold and heavy air from north pole will try to move towards equator. This combined effect is reason behind wind current on earth. The air particles would have moved in linear trajectory if earth was steady. In reality, due to Coriolis effect as a result of combined rotational motion of earth and linear motion of air particles, as explained in Fig. 1 to 3, the air particles will deflect rightward. Sometime pressure reaches such a low that it goes below atmospheric pressure, creating low pressure region in atmosphere. This low pressure region will act as sink in which surrounding high pressure air will try to move in. This low pressure region is known as ‘Eye of Cyclone‘. As explained in Fig. 4, this is how ccw Cyclones are generated in the northern hemisphere and cw cyclones in southern hemisphere.
4. Fluid Mechanics and Vastu Shastr
Fig. 5. Vastu purush and Vastu plan.
A fundamental question was in my mind from many years why the direction of Vastu Purush is NE and why not in other direction? India is in northern hemisphere and as explained in previous sections the air will deflect rightward while blowing from south, which observer in house may feel it is coming from SW direction. This means direction of Vastu Purush resembles one of the five elements named Vayu. Some of the salient features of the Vastu are (refer Fig. 5)
Bedrooms at SW(Nairuty), S, W, NW(Vayavy).
Store room at South.
Study room at East.
Kitchen at SE(Agni).
Temple at NE(Ishan).
According to scientific understanding, considering house as relative reference frame, NW, W, SW, S, SE are upwind locations while N, NE, E, SE are downwind locations. It is preferable routine activities should be performed at the place where ample fresh air and sunlight available while activities related to fire safety should be place at downwind location. Location of bedrooms matches with scientific principles of availability of fresh wind required for human comfort and health. Organism like insects and pests flourish in the environment having insufficient air. To avoid this store room is placed in South where fresh air will be available. Availability of clear sunlight in east is the reason of having study room in east. To stop house from being burn in the situation of fire, the fire places i.e. kitchen and temple are placed at downstream of wind so that fire will always move away from house.
Vastu Shastr is science of giving comfort to residents. It is designed after scientific understanding of wind current on earth. Basic comfort requirements of human like ample sunlight and fresh air, and basic safety requirements like fire are considered in identifying the location inside the house. No doubt, Vastu Shastr is purely scientific techniques given by Indians to the world. Based on this understanding the direction of Vastu Purush should be SW direction in the southern hemisphere.
Few days back my sister had an interview for the post of assistant professor in Gujarati department in Krushnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University. Her PhD thesis was ‘રઘુવીર ચૌધરી ના સાહિત્ય માં સાંસ્કૃતિક ચેતના Raghuveer Chaudhari na sahitya ma sanskrutik chetna (Cultural awakening in Raghuveer Chaudhari’s literature)’. My sister told me to write something for her on Sanskruti (According to her Sanskriti is wrong correct is Sankruti-Culture). I wrote one article for her and thought of sharing with you.
It is necessary to talk about religion whenever there is discussion about culture because there is very thin line between both. Culture and religion are connected together and sometime both are back bone of one another. Let us take two examples.
Example 1: Culture is reason behind identity of religion
All of Christian nations celebrate Christmas festival. Santa Clause comes in sledge cart pulled by Reindeers who are led by red nosed Rudolf. A thought came in my mind, Christianity founded by Christ in Jerusalem then how both hot desert and cold ice are connected? According to historical records Christian priests went to Scandinavian countries to spread Christianity. To convince them priests adopted their culture of Santa Clause and it became part of Christianity in Europe. This culture spread in world where Europeans migrated and this is how Santa Clause became one of the symbol of Christianity.
Example 2: Religion propagates a culture
Lets talk about India. Sanatan Dharm prevails in India. Anyway, there are two important characteristics of Sanatan Dharm are eye catching: Knowledge and accepting independent existence. Knowledge because Sanatani worship knowledge in the form of god (That also female form!) and accepting independent existence because we respected and accepted Baudhhism, Jainism, Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism etc. These two characteristics are clearly visible in India’s culture. Worship of knowledge provoked hunger of knowledge in Indians and they wrote 4 Veds, 108 Upnishads, 18 Purans, 2 epics, 1 law. It is surprising Sanatanis have many literature but none of them is authentic religious scripture i.e. absence of ‘ism’ even in scriptures. This knowledge hunger of Sanatanis gave first university in world (Takshashila), calculus(Bhaskara, Aryabhatta), chemistry (Nagarjun), Medicine (Dhanvantari), Surgery (Sushrut), Mathematics, numerals including zero etc. With this a culture of respecting scholars became popular in India. If we talk about accepting independent existence, all the ideology expert used to debate with each other regarding their ideology and mutually accepted each other opinion. If they find something good then accept it. This traditional mentality promoted believer of many faiths in India and that is fundamental reason behind culture of tolerance in India.
A Thought of Mind
I think Sanatan Dharm will be more appropriate than Hinduism due to two reasons. First reason, Hindu word derived from the book titled Indica written by Greek explorer Megasthenes (4 BCE). He derived this name from river Sindhu and that is why Hindu is geographical term. Another reason is ‘ism’ in any word means believing in that ideology only e.g. Feminism (believe in female rights only), Monotheism (Believe in only one god), Bauddhism (Believe in Buddh), Vaishnavism (Believe in Vishnu), Shaivism (Believe in Shiv) etc. But in ‘Hinduism’ we don’t believe in single faith. So, Hinduism is not appropriate.
ઝબકારો: Culture and religion are strongly bonded with each other that is why communist also hate culture along with religion.
Raghuveer Chaudhari won Gnanpeeth Award 2016 for his contribution to Gujarati literature. He was fourth Gujarati, after Umashankar Joshi, Pannalal Patel, Rajendra Shah, to win this award.
Umashankar Joshi wrote famous Gujarati song representing Gujarat’s identity Gujarat mori mori re… which is popular song in every household in Gujarat.
Pannalal Patel wrote a novel named Manvi ni Bhavai on the theme of Chappaniyo Duskal (Great famine of Vikram Sanvant 1956, 1900 AD. Another famine was Chhanavo Duskal of Vikram Sanvant 1996, 1940 AD). A movie with same title based on this novel won National Award.
Rajendra Shah wrote a famous song Tara Vina Shyam Mane Ekalu Lage… and this song is so much popular that no Navratri event will be completed without playing this song :).
In my previous two articles ‘What is research?: Role of parents and schools in child’s research attitude’ and ‘What is research?: Foundation of universities as research system’ I tried to explain how to design and develop two system: Child(future researcher) and University (research system). This article is a case study which will demonstrate what are the factors led IISc to win the race of research leader in India. This will be the last email in the series.
Unlike other games, business is different because there is chance of win-win for both the players. Let us understand with whom company as an organisations plays with.
Figure: Value net of business
You may be aware with all of players except complementor. Let me brief about it. A player is your complementor if customer value your product more when they have the other player’s product than when they have your product alone. An ancient Indian concept of residential facilities to students is best example of complementor. One important observation from ruins of ancient Indian universities is hostels for students. This provided protected environment for foreign students where only like minded people will be available. In modern day scholarships serve the purpose of complementor. Sometime having university itself serves the purpose of complementor in development. For example university founded in an university town some 100 years ago and now it has become town with all the facilities.
Sometime it is possible a player may look like competitor but in fact he may be complementor. Traditional bookstores saw electronic publishing and Internet as competitors but in fact they were complementor. A McGraw hill study revealed that demand in print version grew too when it created electronic version of book. This is why almost all the publishers now have electronic stores and kindle version of books.
Government: A Player Which Can’t Be Avoided
Have you ever thought why government is so powerful? It is customer when buy goods and services e.g. medicine, armaments. Govt is supplier when sell oil and mineral rights, spectrum rights. Govt is competing with private business when opens market for private companies. Govt is complementor when provides basic infrastructure (roads, cities, hospitals), civil order, security. Apart from all of above govt has one more power which others don’t have, power to formulate and impose policies. Power of govt to frame policies put it in most dominant position among all of us. Our day to day business deal with govt and that is why I strongly recommend understanding of law and constitution on which govt function.
This power of authority to change rule can put a player in very powerful position. For example few years back researcher was considered as good if published in higher Impact Factor (IF) journals. But in recent time many such journals started in India and developing countries and scientific bureaucrats from developed countries sitting in position of scientific policy making saw potential threat against their monopoly. Those bureaucrats devised new rule to maintain their monopoly: Science Citation Index (SCI). They mentioned SCI recognized journals have rigorous review procedure (How to define level of rigorousness. Rigorousness is relative thing!) and that is why it is more reliable. This is how they surpassed all the previous rules with this and subjugated researchers from developing countries. Irony is researchers and govts from developing countries are blindly following this SCI without giving a single thought on it. Researcher from developing countries have to face lot of trouble because they are playing the game setup and codified by developed countries and obviously it will be biased to benefit them. We are following it blindly without understanding intention.
Note: A socialist concept is that ‘Govt is sole authority on everything’ while current Indian govt has opened its doors for PPP. It pleases me when I see someone saying “Lets make it together” rather than “I am the only authority to do it”.
University as a Player
Students are university’s primary customers. Companies are customers when they want to hire their employees who are students in university. Govt is customer when commission research project to university. Faculties are primary suppliers of university who supplies knowledge. Universities compete with each other for students, faculties, and research funding. While universities are complementors in creating market for higher education. KG, primary, high schools complement universities because they provide trained students to university.
Where IISc Won?
As outlined in my previous article on foundation of university as a research system I outlined what to do to make system immortal and stronger. IISc has self correcting mechanism through Senate, CoD meetings. It has one of the largest scientific library in India. It has world class faculties. It has world class course content and structure. It has quality facilities for students to conduct cultural activities of their interest. Since IISc is research system, who is in business of providing knowledge, it is important to understand in the context of game of business explained in above figure.
As I mentioned, students are university’s primary customers. IISc has maintained its standard of admitted students’ quality through rigorous admission procedure. Students are given hostel, mess, auditorium etc facilities. Students are given freedom to explore their area of nonacademic interest. A proper feedback and grievance system motivated student to continue research at IISc. Parents are paying fees and they are also customers. Quality of courses offered, quality of laboratories, quality of library size are satisfactory return of their money. Timely completion of research projects with quality built trust among funders and developed ‘IISc Brand’.
Quality of faculty is the best in India and directors were active in recruiting best faculties. Also, faculties are given facilities, freedom to be with IISc. The previous directors of IISc have always emphasized on quality of faculties recruited. Own supplier database and stores helped researchers availability of raw material in IISc itself.
IISc has always maintained complementing approach towards competitors rather than competing.
IISc played key role in development of its own complementors e.g. dept. of AE IISc palyed crucial role in formation of NAL in 50s, IISc played supportive role in progress of RRI, IAS, ISRO etc. This created a Research Network in Bangalore. Local employment complemented IISc. Dual career couples become common since there are plenty of software industries and other industries in Bangalore where spouse can work. A freedom to students to organise cultural activities is also complement to IISc.
Core foundation principals of IISc are of Indian university system. There are three important aspect of university namely quality of students admitted (customers), quality of faculties (suppliers), and facilities to students (complementors). Proper emphasis on all of these gave it advantage over other universities (competitors). I think there were important factors which promoted Jamsedji to set up IISc in Bangalore.
At that time Mumbai, Culcutta, Madras (all these universities were funded by state) and other major cities already had universities and there is no point in competing with them.
Another factor could be because Bangalore was one of the summer headquarter of Britishers. Founding university in Britisher area is demonstration of Indian prowess.
Maharaja of Mysore was willing to donate land which solved the problem of availability of huge land required to setup institute.
Trained students from IISc joined industries in Bangalore city and right now Bangalore has become ‘Research Lab of India’ because of having many govt and private research centers. So, contribution of IISc in India’s progress is significant. The factors why IISc has won the race of research education in India are summarized below.
Climate and location of Bangalore city.
Proper balance between players like Customers (Quality of students admitted), Suppliers (Quality of faculties), Complements (hostels, auditorium, research network, pension after scholarship ends, Research Associateship).
Playing role in development of its own complementors e.g. RRI, IAS, NAL, CPRI, ISRO etc.
Creating complementing/supporting approach towards other research institutes rather than competing.
Smartly implementing ‘System Fundamentals’ in institute.
Maintaining and strengthening institute assets like laboratories, library, course content.
Openness to promote interdisciplinary research.
I think IISc has built itself as a research leader and not bureaucrat. As leader think about for his followers first, IISc has always thought about her followers first i.e. freedom and independence to faculties and students. Researcher can’t do proper research if he is dissatisfied in personal matter and freedom is most important personal matter. We all would like to be free and independent!
ઝબકારો: Bureaucrats think about executing orders issued by system while leader think about people for whose benefit system is designed. Bureaucracy born since when governance born while leadership was always there since civilizations; Ram, Krushn, Mahavir, Buddha, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Guru Nanak. We love and follow all of them because they have always thought about us.